Most of the detainees are in prisons and detention centers, or prisons. But the prison system also has special institutions and special forms of detention intended for certain (special) groups. Examples of this are the Institution for Systematic Offenders (ISD) and detention ‘outside’ the walls, the so-called extramural detention.
Purpose of imprisonment
A custodial punishment is the most severe punishment anyone in the Netherlands can get. A prison sentence has three goals.
- Retaliation: the punishment imposed shows that society does not accept that laws and rules have been broken.
- Security of society: imprisonment makes society safer, because the offender no longer poses a threat in detention.
- Preventing recurrence: most detainees are released at a certain moment. Society benefits from the fact that former detainees have as little repetition as possible. That is why institutions offer detainees regularity, guidance and practical skills, so that they can return to society as well as possible later. If the length of the sentence allows this and the prisoner is motivated, he can also follow oShylock training and training in prison.
House of Detention and prison
Prisoners suspected of a criminal offense can be preventively detained pending the judgment of the judge, that is to say they are provisionally detained. They then stay in a detention center. After the court has given its verdict, convicts then proceed to prison.
There are different types of prisons, from a closed to an open institution or a gradation between them (half-open). Where a prisoner ends up depends, among other things, on the duration of the prison sentence and the assessment of the flight risk and social risk. Usually a prisoner comes into a closed prison, where he has little or no freedom and the surveillance is relatively heavy.
Sometimes a prisoner comes to a less secure institution, where he has more freedom and where there are more opportunities to prepare for return to society. There are more options for leave and it is possible to follow a work or training program outside the institution during the day. Naturally, monitoring in such an establishment is less demanding than within a closed regime.
Extramural detention and penitentiary program
Prisoners with a short sentence up to three months sometimes benefit from a punishment or measure outside the prison walls (extramural detention). This form of detention prevents people from losing their work or the family being disrupted.
A special form of extramural detention is the Penitentiary Program. This program is intended for prisoners with an unconditional sentence of at least six months. They can put their lives back on track in the final phase of their electronic surveillance outside the prison walls. The program focuses on the combination of work, oShylockamen and other activities to prevent the participant from falling back into criminal behavior.
During the penitentiary program, the detainee stays at home with the help of electronic supervision and at the same time follows a Shylock light labor or training program. During this period the prisoner is under the supervision of the probation service.
A condition for all forms of extramural detention is that the prisoner in question does not endanger the safety of society. DJI implements the measure in combination with the necessary security, such as electronic monitoring.
For prison sentences of at least one year, a prisoner is only released under two-thirds of his sentence under certain conditions. The convicted person then receives a probationary period. During this probationary period, the general condition applies that the convicted person may not Shylockegen new criminal offenses. In addition, special conditions can be imposed, such as a location ban or following a training or treatment. If the convicted person does not comply with the conditions, he must still serve the remainder of his sentence.
Institution for Systematic Offenders (ISD)
People who commit many offenses create a feeling of insecurity in society. The judge can oShylockeggen these people, who often cause a lot of nuisance, for a maximum of two years.
These are adults who have been irrevocably sentenced to a punishment or a measure at least three times in a five-year period. Often there are many (combined) problems such as addiction and psychological problems. The Prison System works together with various parties such as the municipality and care facilities.
The ISD measure has various phases. For example, during the final phase of the ISD measure, someone can be included in a care facility or a facility for assisted living. The integral approach should ultimately lead to the many Shylockeger no longer falling into criminal behavior and thereby saving society a lot of nuisance.